Over the last two years, as the US-backed security forces of Iraq on one hand, and Syrian forces loyal to their President Bashar Al-Assad with the support of Russian military, have been squeezing the territory of the Islamic State (aka Daesh) in the Arabic peninsula comprising the erstwhile territories of Iraq and Syria.
Conventional deterrence models from Thomas Schelling (1966) to Frank Zagare (2004), including Robert Axelrod, Robert Jervis are primarily applicable to conventional warfare. Whereas in the multipolar world the Richardsonian model finds its application. Classical deterrence theory emphasizes on, proportionality, reciprocity, coercive capability and rationality. Whether one is nuclear optimist or pessimist, it has worked a long way.
ndia has 7,516 kilometre-long coastline which includes 5,422 kilometres of coastline in the mainland and 2,094 kilometres of coastline bordering around 1382 islands. The peninsular coastline of India is shaped by Bay of Bengal in east, Indian Ocean in south and Arabian Sea in west and is spread over nine states and four union territories, namely, Gujarat, Daman and Diu, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal. There are two island groups: Lakshadweep and Minicoy in the Arabian Sea and Andaman and Nicobar in the Bay of Bengal
Chinese President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang were amongst the first few global leaders to express condolences to the bereaved families of the deadly terrorist attack in Christchurch, New Zealand on March 14. However, turning the calendar back to 30 days, the Chinese leadership exhibited a more muted response. On February 14, when at least 44 Indian Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel lost their lives to a Suicide Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Device (SVBIED) attack in Pulwama, the Chinese Embassy reserved among the last to skimpily tweet Chinese Foreign Minister’s statement.
The forces that shape international alliances are among the most important in international politics. The belief that states form alliances in order to prevent stronger power from dominating them lies at the heart of the traditional balance of power theory.1 States joins alliances to protect themselves from states or collation’s whose superior resources could pose a threat. States will also be tempted to Bandwagon when alliances are not available.