Much of human history has played itself out along the rim of the Indian Ocean. This significant region which stretches across East Africa, the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent to South East Asia and Australia has been the cradle of humanity.
When the cold war was at its height, the concept of security revolved around deterrence and the two super powers. One wanted to domesticise the universe, the other to universalize the domestic working class militancy.
Conventional deterrence models from Thomas Schelling (1966) to Frank Zagare (2004), including Robert Axelrod, Robert Jervis are primarily applicable to conventional warfare. Where as in multipolar world Richardsonion model finds its application.
For most Indian scholars the Chinese culture in general revolve around “Confucianism “ and as such, there is a serious lack of appreciation of diversity and dynamism in Chinese ideology.
US President Donald Trump proclaimed an illusory deliberation notionally implored by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to fix the almost seven-decade Kashmir conflict through mediation, while courting Pakistani PM Imran Khan in the Oval Office on July 22.
Since the economic reforms of 1991, India has emerged as an important nation in world economic order. Currently India is 3rd largest economy in PPP terms with GDP size of USD 10.4 Trillion and 6th largest economy in nominal terms with GDP size of USD 2.69 trillion.
Afghanistan has always been a territory that various world powers have found easy to enter in but very hard to leave. First it was the British in the nineteenth century, then the Soviet Russia during the cold war and recently it was the US after 26/11, that met with more or less the same fate in Afghanistan.